Control For Energy and Sustainability

EPSRC Programme Grant

[BA10] S.Bardi and A.Astolfi, Modeling and Control of a Waste-to-Energy Plant (Applications of Control), IEEE Control Systems Magazine, Vol 30, 6, pp 27-37, June 2010


Municipal and industrial waste has been treated in incineration plants since the beginning of the 20th century, mainly to reduce the landfill volume [1]. The incineration process transforms environmentally hazardous components of waste, such as aromatic hydrocarbons and organic solvents, into harmless compounds. Additionally, incineration plants convert the released combustion heat into steam and electricity. The steam can be used for industrial processes or district heating, and the electricity is usually fed into the national grid [1]. In 1999, the European parliament passed a law that requires every country in the European Union (EU) to stop disposing of municipal waste without treatment after 2005, thus making incineration the only feasible treatment [2].